Design and construction of a mosquito trap using DC high voltage using the Cockcroft-Walton method

S Suriyanto


The tropical climate in Indonesia is very helpful in breeding mosquitoes everywhere, the Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main cause of the spread of dengue fever in Indonesia. Mosquitoes' hexagonal eyes make them attracted to light, UV light with a wavelength between 350 nm and 370 nm is what can attract insects. The use of high voltage is felt to be more effective in killing mosquitoes. This research aims to find out at what time, temperature and air humidity how many mosquitoes come out to suck blood from both humans and animals. And find out at what DC voltage mosquitoes die from being stung. The device design includes UV LED, Temperature Sensor, and High Voltage DC (HVDC). UV LEDs are used as mosquito attractants, because mosquitoes like ultraviolet light, temperature also affects mosquito activity. At temperatures that are too cold, mosquitoes don't leave the nest much, and if it's too hot, the DHT11 sensor is used as a temperature gauge on the tool so that the tool works. High voltage is used to kill mosquitoes by applying voltage to the positive and negative wires, so that trapped mosquitoes will be stung to death. From the experimental results obtained, mosquitoes began to fly actively when sunset arrived, because the temperature and humidity levels were at the warm level that mosquitoes like. And mosquitoes will die if they are shocked by a voltage with a minimum value of 280V to a higher DC voltage.


Mosquito trap, HVDC, Cockcroft-walton, Ultraviolet, temperature sensor.

Full Text:



K. Kalimuthu et al., “Ultrasonic technology applied against mosquito larvae,” Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1–15, 2020, doi: 10.3390/app10103546.

Q. Qirom and U. Albab, “RANCANG BANGUN ALAT PENGUSIR NYAMUK BERBASIS GELOMBANG ULTRASONIK DAN UV LIGHT TRAP,” Power Elektron. J. Orang Elektro, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–13, 2021.

M. I. Adam and others, “Rancang Bangun Perangkap Nyamuk Menggunakan Metode Cockroft-Walton Berbasis Tegangan Tinggi,” 2018.

E. Sari, N. E. Wahyuningsih, and R. Murwani, “Hubungan Lingkungan Fisik Rumah Dengan Kejadian Demam Berdara Dengue Di Semarang,” J. Kesehat. Masy., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 609–617, 2017.

I. Agustin, U. Tarwotjo, and R. Rahadian, “Perilaku bertelur dan siklus hidup Aedes aegypti pada berbagai media air,” J. Akad. Biol., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 71–81, 2017.

H. Guntoro and Y. Somantri, “Rancang bangun magnetic door lock menggunakan keypad dan solenoid berbasis mikrokontroler arduino uno,” Electrans, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 39–48, 2018.

E. Ihsanto and S. Hidayat, “Rancang bangun sistem pengukuran pH meter dengan menggunakan mikrokontroller arduino uno,” J. Teknol. elektro, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 142372, 2017.

R. Pakpahan, D. N. Ramadan, and S. Hadiyoso, “Rancang Bangun dan Implementasi Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) Menggunakan Arduino Uno dan Relai,” J. Elektro dan Telekomun. Terap., vol. 3, no. 2, 2017.

H. R. Safitri, “Rancang Bangun Alat Pemberi Pakan Dan Pengganti Air Aquarium Otomatis Berbasis Arduino Uno,” JITEKH (Jurnal Ilm. Teknol. Harapan), vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 29–33, 2019.

M. Yan, E. Adiptya, and H. Wibawanto, “Sistem Pengamatan Suhu dan Kelembaban Pada Rumah Berbasis Mikrokontroller ATmega8,” vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 15–17, 2018

P. I. R. Passive, I. Red, S. Di, S. M. P. Negeri, and S. Semambang, “No Title,” vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 63–70, 2017.

D. Wijanarko, I. Widiastuti, and A. Widya, “Gelombang Ultrasonik Sebagai Alat Pengusir Tikus Menggunakan Mikrokontroler Atmega 8,” J. Teknol. Inf. dan Terap., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2017.

U. M. Arief, “Pengujian sensor ultrasonik ping untuk pengukuran level ketinggian dan volume air,” J. Ilm. “Elektrikal Enjiniring” UNHAS, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 72–77, 2017.

A. Radotti, D. H. Wicaksono, W. Mardhiani, H. Hidayati, and F. Prasetyanto, “Pendeteksi Dan Perangkap Nyamuk Otomatis Berbasis Iot,” eProceedings Appl. Sci., vol. 4, no. 3, 2018.

S. O. Kasanah, “PKM_GT, Kipas Angin TSW (two Side Work),” 2019.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

E - ISSN : 2964-2655